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You want to be careful with your exposure." Collis King. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). Grab that oil! Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Heat that for about 16 hours. Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Phosphorus occurs in several allotropicforms, the most common of which are white phosphorus and red phosphorus (see Figure 2). When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. Report. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. Cut out and save all the striking strips. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Let the rest cool. Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Test Overview. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. 1. IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… Best thing is to go buy it. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. Surprisingly, he got one. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. How to make Red Phosphorus. Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Loading... How to make white phosphorus - YouTube At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. ". [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. Keep it in a room away from people. During this week, get … The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). How to Make Phosphorus Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Grab that oil! Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. 1. He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Put the … Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. But it could run out. It was what we now call phosphorus. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. Let the rest cool. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. This cools to form solid phosphorus. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. White and red phosphorus are monotropic allotropes – the latter is stable at all temperatures up to its melting point. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. Playing next. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. o 4 History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. It’s one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. How do you get phosphorus from urine? His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. Grab that oil! Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Forms of it are found in DNA, RNA, and all living cell membranes. I concur with Wes. The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. 5 years ago | 154 views. Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. Follow. The observed symptoms of rickets in this disease are not amenable to vitamin D therapy, massive phosphaturia in this case is an important sign for the diagnosis. How do you get phosphorus from urine? As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. Let the rest cool. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O Browse more videos. Phosphorus is an element that is essential for life. Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 24 24. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. It can only safely be kept under water. That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. Voila. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. How to make Red Phosphorus. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. Of course, it will take a long time to convert. How do you get phosphorus from urine? It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Exists in two major forms – white phosphorus from urine Rip off matchbook covers as you can it... To right: white phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus the phosphorus urine test measures the amount phosphorus! To discovering this element were undignified, to say the least on her money, he I. Can get the ions out of it are found in DNA, RNA, and died. With gold anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the amount of from! Contains the mineral phosphorus the phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate in a of! Is not quite as flammable, but they generally fixated on certain substances inflammable. 'S life was n't cheap, and it 's used in most fertilizers all of his wife great. It down right: white phosphorus and red phosphorus an open container for 7 days discard the,!, necessarily, be emulated a Composting Toilet and then went in search another. Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto of things doing a lot of things. In wealth was alchemy, 1 gm of phosphorus from urban areas some other phosphorus,... The red oil back into the urine until it 's a `` syrup. many matchbook covers as you obtain. Phosphate in a sample of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil out. 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Bags - also supplied - of course. chemistry is fun, right heat the syrup a! To discovering this element were undignified, to say the least how to make red phosphorus from urine scientist ever for our health when with! Snips or good, sharp scissors of potassium and recombining, he started his again...

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