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Stinging nettle is native to temperate parts of Europe, Asia, and western North Africa. They are a host plant for butterfly larvae like the Small Tortoiseshell and Peacock Butterflies. It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. Method 1 of 2: Identifying Stinging Nettle. This plant has a spinach-like taste.Caution: When collecting stinging nettle always cover up all exposed skin. Leaves, stems and roots are edible. Seriously! In the end, our plant wasn’t fen nettle but a different introduction from England, and perhaps, in the end, that’s a good thing. When do I gather/harvest Stinging Nettle? The best way to prevent a stinging nettle rash is to avoid stinging nettles touching the skin. I think stinging nettles are a much misunderstood weed and I love to explain to visitors their many benefits. If you have a plant you need to get rid of, first moisten the soil around it to make it easier to slide out the roots. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). have fine hairs on the leaves and stems that contain irritating chemicals, which are released when the plant comes in contact with the skin. Plants bear only male or female flowers that are usually wind pollinated. 36 Plants That Can Irritate Your Skin or Worse, How to Grow White Baneberry (Doll's Eyes). Has medicinal and culinary uses. Bring a large pot of salted water to boil over high heat. If you do wish to grow stinging nettle in your garden, plant it in the spring after your last frost. “Urtica dioica” if you could please put an end to my mental conundrum. But stinging nettles have their uses and benefits and if you have a large enough garden it is well worth having a patch. Here are 6 evidence-based benefits of stinging nettle. Why do nettles sting? Most people remember stinging nettles from the "bite" these plants cause when touched. Stinging nettle is a highly nutritious and delicious wild plant that has both edible and medicinal benefits. Stinging nettle is a plant. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Closeup of stinging nettle leaves, showing the hairlike projections that produce a sting when touched. Identification, health, When starting the nettle seeds, begin by placing nutrient-rich soil in a grow tray. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. For the best flavor and nutrition, harvest only the top 4 - 5 inches of the Stinging Nettle plant. The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle". Once established, it will come back in the spring. Learn when and where to find this wild food, how to identify, how to prepare, and how to avoid the sting! How do nettles sting? Urtica dioica does not grow in Florida, or certain not the central and southern parts. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. The leaves are very large, oval, have rounded tips, and have a wavy look to the edges. Clusters appear knobby in densely packed spreading panicles, or sometimes as long string-like strands. If you suspect stinging nettle toxicity, it’s always a good idea to consult a medical professional. While no plant I encountered was over a foot tall yet, there were definitely some over 5 inches tall. There are a variety of symptoms of stinging nettle toxicity, including: The symptoms generally arise within 12 to 24 hours. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. Interestingly, the cooked plant is safe to eat and is popular is some places as a vegetable. Learn about the benefits, side effects, and research around stinging nettle here. This acid causes a localized and temporary burning sensation similar to a bee sting. I encourage you to do your own research and know your body’s reaction to the sting before attempting to do the same!!) Stinging nettles – my new early spring trail snack! No need to register, buy now! Nettles are renowned for their stinging ability. It has an angular stem branching outwards from the base. Click. However, you must be careful when working with stinging nettle because it has a toxic component. Urtica dioica. Do an image and information search on the Internet for "Stinging Nettle" or Urtica dioica. In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Put stinging nettles to productive use, with the help of our feature. Nettles are a food source for beneficial insects and wildlife. During medieval times it was used as a diuretic, to treat joint pain, and muscle pain. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 4–8 cm (1.6–3.2") long. When a forest is disturbed by fire the first plants that grow in the burnt, broken underbrush are nettles. If a person or animal does happen to eat straight from the plant, this can cause reactions that are sometimes severe, including vomiting and trouble breathing. This signifies a change in this nutritious plant, a change that is of benefit to butterflies and moths, though not to humans. You'll only find stinging nettle sold in tea form, and is fairly common in health food stores. This will smother any new plants that try to grow. Young leaves are preferable however, no matter how far into the growing season be sure to remember that until dried or cooked, stinging nettle leaves will have those stinging hairs – never eat them raw! Stinging nettles die down to tough yellow roots in autumn, over-wintering to grow up again the following spring. It can also be categorized as a noxious weed. Not only do these weeds invade lawns, gardens and flower beds where they compete with your plants for for soil space and nutrients, but nettles also pose a hazard to you and your family. I harvest the tender tops (usually 4-6 leaves or 2-3 leaf sets) for food. Stinging nettle will grow in dense clusters, and stalks can reach 5-8 feet at maturity. Fibrous stems of mature plants can be used to make twine, fishing nets, snares and o… Stinging nettles (Urtica spp.) Connect With Us! nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Avoid touching your face as you work. Plant in full sun or partial shade. Moreover, it does well in both full sun (at least six hours per day) and partial sun (three to six hours per day). Young nettles emerging. It’s best to pick the young leaves before the plants start to flower. They are high in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and full of calcium, magnesium, iron, and potassium. Its leaves and stems have tiny stinging barbs, which contain chemicals that can cause pain and inflammation in people and animals when they come in contact with the skin. Whilst the sting doesn’t hurt as such, they are damn annoying! If touched, these needle-like hairs inject the stinging acid into the skin, triggering a burning, tingling sensation and an itchy rash. You may recall a previous post about stinging nettles. You may harvest nettles from the time the new leaves emerge from the ground until late fall after the flowers have gone to seed but before the rains begin to rot the stems (while they still maintain their green color and have leaves attached). (This is where the sting comes from!) Dig around the plant’s base to loosen the roots, and then grasp the plant at its base to slide it out of the ground with the roots as intact as possible. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Plants can spread to form clumps, and seed is also distributed to infest new areas. Plant taxonomy: Stinging nettle is a member of the genus, Urtica, a broadleaf, perennial plant. These hairs act like miniature hypodermic needles, injecting you with histamine, folic acid, and other substances that cause localized redness and pain. Don't pick Stinging Nettles when in Flower. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. Thin catkins of tiny green flowers grow from the leaf axils. The Latin name in the book is also different. Nettle root is used for medicinal purposes including enlarged prostate and when there is difficulty in urination due to BPH. The leaves can be used for teas, pesto, soup and as a vegetable. Here in the Pacific Northwest, they start growing as early as January, up through the snow. And because of its ability to spread vigorously, it’s considered an invasive species in parts of North America. It’s best to use young plants with small leaves. Stinging Nettle identification of this bountiful wild edible is quick and easy. Soak the stinging nettles in plenty of cold water. This includes thick gardening gloves, such as those made out of rubber, as well as long sleeves and pants. It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. Steps. The stems sport medium green leaves that are around 2 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. By BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. Early spring is the best time of year to harvest the nettle plants in my area (Southeast Spain). But if you accidentally run through a patch of these plants with bare legs, it will feel a bit like a swarm of tiny yellow jackets just attacked your appendages. Nettle tea made from the root can help urinary ailments. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. It’s a very hardy plant and can easily creep around your garden via self-seeding and underground stems that send up new shoots. This makes the plant spend less energy on seed production, and the next year you get a better crop. Stinging nettle flowers. … Stinging nettle is a plant that grows in North America, Europe, and Africa. I have a Patterson field guide and it states that stinging nettles do not grow in fl. Stinging Nettle Identification and Harvest. In fact, there are no visible petals. Perennial growing to 100cm. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. These pollinators ultimately can benefit your entire garden. Urtica means "burn" and the stinging or burning sensation is caused by acids and proteins in the nettle plant's hairs. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Young stinging nettle plants often have a purplish tinge to their foliage, and their leaf edges tend to be more rounded. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. The lower leaves have a reddish color to their stems. However, some people and animals can have more serious allergic reactions, such as tightness in their chest or throat, that require prompt medical treatment. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). Early spring is the best time to harvest — I try to pick more early in the season and store for later use. In this video we find out what really happens when you get stung by a stinging nettle. In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll stin… Created with Sketch. Stinging Nettle Facts And Uses. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial that gets tall in the summer and dies back down to the ground in the winter. Tea made from the leaves is rich in iron and can aid coagulation and the formation of hemoglobin. Stinging nettle is a perennial that spreads by rhizome and seed. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. These chemicals include acetylcholine, histamine, serotonin, leukotrienes, and moroidin. It bears small greenish flowers in the spring. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Unlike deadnettles (Lamium), stinging nettles (Urtica) have stinging hairs that make them quickly apparent to the gardener when weeding. Urtica means "burn" and the stinging or burning sensation is caused by acids and proteins in the nettle plant's hairs. On the flip side, butterflies and moths like to lay their eggs on nettle plants. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. 1. Stinging nettle is considered a weed by many gardeners because of its ability to spread. For comprehensive information (e.g. You also can use anti-itch creams as well as antihistamines and anti-inflammatories, as directed by your doctor. Stinging nettles cannot swoop in on you and deliver a burning sting, as yellow jackets can. Nettles were traditionally dried and fed to livestock throughout winter. Plants cut when the perianths are green but with the seeds at the milk stage, ripen seeds that germinate normally. Stinging nettle can make a real nuisance of itself in vegetable gardens, but it is also one of Finland’s most diverse and useful plants. Generally 1 metre but can grow up to 2 metres depending on location and soil condition. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Then, don your thick gardening gloves and protective clothing. The Gympie-Gympie is one of 4 species of stinging trees in Australia and has possibly the most painful sting of any plant in Australia. Skip to main content. First, let’s examine the delicate flowers. That’s … Stinging nettle is a plant that demands respect and I honor it. Once cooked, the sting is dissipated and it can be eaten like any leafy green. This is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. giant hogweed. In the winter, the plant dies back down to the ground. Stinging Nettle herb plants have a long history as a medicinal herb. Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share on Pinterest ; Share on Whatsapp; Share on Blogger; Email to a friend; Nettles have a bad reputation among gardeners. They developed the stinging hairs to discourage animal from feeding on them. Before puttingt them in the garden, harden them off for a week. This plant has fine toothed, tapered, somewhat heart-shaped leaves that are 3-15 cm. Hogweed. Foraging stinging nettles can be a bit intimidating, they sting after all! When harvested with care, stinging nettles are easy to forage and well worth the effort. The plant is native to parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but now it can be found worldwide. Plus, if you compost nettle plants, their high level of nutrients can be spread throughout your garden. In-depth wild edible PDFs. If you're working with a stinging nettle plant in your garden, always wear protective clothing. It’s helpful to have a tarp nearby that you can put your plant clippings on, so they don’t get lost in your soil or grass. Fibrous stems of mature plants can be used to make twine, fishing nets, snares and other items. There are a number of species of moth and butterfly larvae that feed on nettles. Hi, what I thought was stinging nettles actually turned out to be white snake root which is a poisonous plant. I know they are not allways right. It grows best in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 10. Since I had no gloves with me on this particular walk through the woods, I plunged into this experiment partially out of … Here are some ideas for making use of the free food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed has to offer. Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Urtica dioica, U.urens and U.incise are the three most common forms of stinging nettle. nettles in bloom. Today, it can be found all over the world, but its origins are in the colder regions of Europe and Asia. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. And, of course, the leaves and stems are covered in those pesky stinging barbs, which look like fine hairs. The British nettle carries its stinging barbs on the stem and the underside of the leaf for protection from those animals that might eat or uproot it. Stinging nettles are known throughout the world as a very nutritious and highly medicinal plant though you must be careful when harvesting them. They tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions, though they seem to like moisture and soils rich in nitrate and phosphate.Given these conditions, nettles can grow to a height of a metre or more. Monday, 22 April, 2019 at 6:55 am . Many mild cases can be treated at home by cleaning the affected area with soap and water to wash away the chemicals and then using a piece of tape to try to pull any remaining barbs out of the skin. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant originally native to Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia but now found worldwide.There are six subspecies of the plant, five that actually "sting" you via hairs on the leaves and stems. No care is needed to keep the plant alive during the winter months. Stinging nettles have tiny, fuzzy-like white flowers. Reply. Either compost them or seal them in a yard waste bag. Severe cases can be life-threatening. Where to Buy Stinging Nettle. Never mind worrying about pests and disease. These small hollow spines pierce human skin and inject small amounts of formic acid. It all depends upon your goal. The stinging and rash usually occur shortly after contact with the plant. This is because nettle is so nutritious, and beneficial to plant and human health. Recognizing the plant and teaching children how to distinguish it can help avoid stinging nettle rash. They are now blooming, but as we shall see they are probably also doomed. There are many amazing and unique ways to use nettle. Once they flower, the plants tend to … It can be helpful to put cuttings on a tarp, so nothing gets lost in your grass or soil. If you’re interested in using stinging nettle or any other plant for medicinal purposes, I strongly encourage you to consult credible, trusted sources before doing so. Rinse and drain. Plants do not flower in their first year. Stinging nettles are also packed with nutrients. I even snacked on them for couple years but luckily didn’t ingest too much. Stinging or common nettles (Urtica dioica) are widespread across the U.K.They can be found in woodlands, hedgerows, gardens and disturbed ground. Stinging nettles are great wildlife attractors: caterpillars of the small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies use them as foodplants; ladybirds feast on the aphids that shelter among them; and seed-eating birds enjoy their autumn spoils. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Reactions also can occur if you eat the plant without properly preparing it. My “stinging nettles” did not sting either but everything else looked right. They also contain a lot of protein. Both the stem and leaf surface have non-stinging and stinging hairs. Finally, dig into the soil to remove any remaining roots you see, as these have the potential to sprout new plants. Touching any of these needles will inject you with the formic acid which causes an extremely painful burning sensation. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Nettles make an excellent spinach substitute and can also be added to soups and stews. And make sure you gather all the cuttings from your plant. They also bear brownish-green tassle-like flowers from May to September, quite different from the more attractive hooded flowers of deadnettles which may be white, yellow or purple. What look like short hairs on stinging nettle’s leaves and stems are actually needle-like barbs that can inject you with a mix of chemicals, even if you simply brush up against them. This guide will help you identify what nettles look like so that you can avoid them the next time you may come across them. If you aren’t interested in growing stinging nettles to ingest, you might still want to grow them to Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. In his video, Adam states that you can safely harvest and eat nettles without fearing the sting in late winter or early spring when the nettles are no taller than 2 inches. Stinging nettle is moderately difficult to remove, mostly because of the plant’s toxic components. Managing Pests and Disease. In the wild, you'll often see it in the damp soil along stream beds, as well as in the nutrient-rich soil of pastureland. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! There are between 30 and 45 species of flowering plants of the genus Urtica in the family Urticaceae. But it has since made its way around the world. This makes them a Superfood for humans and livestock! The earliest way to start nettle, in a grow season, is by starting seeds indoors. The plant usually grows between two to four feet high and blooms from June to September. After plucking the stalks of some of the shortest plants, I carefully reached for the stalks of progressively older plants. Another benefit of growing stinging nettle is that it actually can reduce the risk of pest infestation for surrounding crops. Stinging nettle sends up its tall, erect stems each spring, which reach their full height by summer. A full sized stinging nettle plant may be 3-10 feet (0.9-3 m.) tall, on occasion even reaching up to 20 feet (6 m.) in height. Stinging Nettles contain a lot of minerals and vitamins. Stinging nettle has a long and diverse history of use for food, medicine, cordage, and dye. Ecology and other notes. Flower spikes that bear small greenish blooms in clusters appear in the spring or summer. Harvest them in the early spring, before they flower. It’s commonly seen in North America, especially the Pacific Northwest due to its love of moisture in the soil. Stinging nettle dies back to the ground at the first hard freeze of winter. Many people opt to grow this plant for culinary and medicinal uses, as it’s high in several vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. Flower: Separate male and female flowers, usually on the same plant, both tiny and indistinct, creamy green to pinkish, clustered in the leaf axils typically along the entire stem. The nettle sting contains irritants – mainly formic acid and histamines – that are injected into the surface layer of the skin cells. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. Since it’s a perennial, it comes back in the same spot year after year, spreading via seed and underground runners. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. Plants cut down in flower do not produce viable seed. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used - they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles... theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. The can also be cooked like spinach and are best in the spring while they are still tender. Hi, what I thought was stinging nettles actually turned out to be white snake root which is a poisonous plant. The plant grows in height from 20 inches (50.8 cm) to about 50 inches, and the leaves grow to be about 16 inches (41 cm) long. Harvest before the plant flowers. Appearance. Like almost all wind-pollinated flowers, those of stinging nettles are quite small and not at all showy. How to Plant Stinging Nettle. Plant 1-3 seeds in a pot that is filled with a good quality potting soil. For comprehensive information (e.g. My “stinging nettles” did not sting either but everything else looked right. Common nettle also requires long days to stimulate flowering. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is found throughout ... Thankfully the symptoms usually do not persist longer than 24 hours. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. The leaves narrow at the tip and have serrated edges. Skip to the content. The other thing you can do, is cut off the flower/seed heads as they form. Moreover, while all parts of the nettle plant are edible, the leaves and stems can’t be eaten straight from the plant due to the barbs. If you do happen to get stung during your foragings, this plantain salve recipe is a must. It reproduces from wind-blown seeds and the root rhizomes that will continue to spread in the garden bed. The young shoots are tasty and extremely healthy in soups, stews and pancakes. Whenever I forage stinging nettles I always wear rubber gloves. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. Here are over 40 stinging nettle recipes for when you have an abundance of this awesome wild plant! Nettles are hardy perennials that form large clumps up to 1.2m (4ft) in height. Thank you . Nettle is easily identified by the sting associated with its name, Stinging Nettle – and this sting is part of the reason why so few people grow and use it. I even snacked on them for couple years but luckily didn’t ingest too much. It gets rid of the irritation within seconds. Check the terminal (top) bud for signs of an inhabitant before harvesting. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Growth cycle – Stinging nettle emerges as soon as the ground thaws in late winter or early spring. CLOSE. A dock weed plant commonly grows in the same general areas as the stinging nettle plant. Any time you can find young plants, though, is ideal. Stinging nettles’ European cousin has a similar looking without the dreaded sting. The seedlings can be transplanted in early spring and should be started approximately six weeks prior to transplant. Leek and Nettle Soup, Wild Mustard Pesto, Nettle Pesto, Stinging Nettle Beer, Stinging Nettle Donuts, Stinging Nettle Hummus, Stinging Nettle Soup, Wild Roasted Cabbage, Wild Scalloped Potatoes. Urtica dioica are known as stinging nettles because the plants' stems and leaves are covered in hairs that burn the skin when touched. They include: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Learn why these plants inflict their itchy stings and whether dock leaves really do help. Flowering is inhibited by drought and shade. With that said, stinging nettle is one of the most well researched wild edibles and has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient Greek times. A Persistent and Useful Weed Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) originated in Europe but now grows on every continent … They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. Stinging hairs of nettles are hollow, pointed cells with a tip made of pure silica, which breaks leaving a jagged point when you brush against it. These “hairs” are hollow and act like mini hypodermic needles that inject a shot of formic acid, histamine, and other substances that can irritate your skin. Please click here for more information. What is the best time to forage for nettles? Flowering time: July–September. Cover the seeds with 1/4 inch of soil, and be sure to keep the soil wet. 02 of 06 Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. The plant prefers evenly moist, loamy soil with good drainage and a neutral soil pH. Plant in a location where you can manage it, as this plant has a habit of taking over. Both people and animals typically feel a stinging sensation—hence the plant’s common name—followed by local inflammation, a rash, and other various symptoms. It is an infamous native of the Pacific Northwest. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). No one likes their sting of course, which comes from the fine hairs on their leaves. As the plants start to flower, they will get harder and stringier and aren’t very good for eating. Stinging nettles are a perennial plant and require no further care once they are established in the garden bed. A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. But it's tolerant of many soil types and pH levels. Nettles are best eaten when tender so early to mid spring is when they’re at their seasonal best. Nettles are also a wonderful source of protein. please check out our Stinging Nettle PDF magazine. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Find the perfect stinging nettle in flower stock photo. In Europe the plants are harvested commercially for extraction of the chlorophyll, which is used as a safe green colouring agent (E140) in foods. Rubbing the stings with stinging nettle root or jewelweed has been used to suppress the itch/burning sensation. Sharp, stinging, tiny hairs encompass this entire plant. Furthermore, to make sure new shoots don’t spring up, you can cover the site with a tarp or piece of cardboard for at least one full growing season. The flowers on Stinging Nettles are like catkins; little tendrils of flowers dropping down from the stems, they tend to be green or yellowy-green in colour, so not always obvious to spot. What part of Stinging Nettle do I harvest? The stinging nettle plant has tiny little needle-like projections all over the leaves and stems. Urtica dioica are known as stinging nettles because the plants' stems and leaves are covered in hairs that burn the skin when touched. Due to its ability to form patches and crowd out native plants that grow in its environment, it’s considered an invasive species. Australia’s stinging trees are mainly found from northern NSW to the Cape York Peninsula and are common in the Atherton Tablelands. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. When male nettle flower capsule becomes ripe, they apparently bursts in the warm sun, releasing a little puff of airborne pollen. When do I harvest Stinging Nettle? Nettle can be planted using five different scenarios. Peat pots work great for nettles. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Stinging nettles are the bane of summer walks. The swollen base of each tiny, hollow hair contains a droplet of formic acid. Do not confuse these plants with dead nettle (Lamium maculatum), a harmless perennial plant used in shade gardens. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times, such as to treat arthritis and back pain. To try the plant in its fresh leaf form, you'll either need to comb a foraging stand at the farmers' market, or pick it yourself. The stem and leaves are covered with tiny hollow needles filled with formic acid. Stinging nettles are an herbaceous, fast growing plant with leaves as well as stems, which are covered with tiny, hollow silica tipped hairs and can grow to about 4 feet (1 m.) tall. Plants are covered in small hollow hairs that produce a stinging sensation, irritation and discomfort when in contacted with skin; the stinging hairs can be neutralized by drying or cooking. Green Deane January 28, 2015, 5:48 pm. Stinging nettle seeds need to be kept moist to germinate, which takes 10-14 days on average. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. That said, I’ll give you some quick, general guidelines… Choosing the plants. MENU. Instead, you must cook, blend, crush, or dry the plant before eating it to deactivate its stinging potential. Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. There are six common subspecies of stinging nettle, but only five have the stinging barbs. Stinging nettle is a popular home remedy for arthritis, seasonal allergies, and many other conditions. Shop; Blog ; Become a member. Freshly harvested spring stinging nettle. (This post was contributed by Melissa Keyser) A long time ago, I flipped through a book about ancient medicine. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. The leaves and young stems of this herbaceous plant are fitted with stinging hairs tipped with formic acid and other irritants. It gets its name from the myriad of spines that cover foliage and stems. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. When the hair tip pierces the skin, the acid makes it into the skin causing anywhere from an annoying itch or burning that can last several minutes or a couple of days. In most cases, the symptoms are only mildly to moderately uncomfortable. Nettle beer is brewed from the young shoots. Among others, they are high in Magnesium, Calcium, Iron and Vitamin A. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and

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